An effective climate regime must be global rather than merely international and must recognize the significant involvement of actors other than states. This Article first examines the role of statism in the existing international climate regime and challenges several assumptions that underlie the demand for the global South’s "meaningful participation" in that regime. It then demonstrates how the global South is already participating in a global climate regime through the activities of private economic actors from around the world. It finally proposes approaches for reconciling these two important regimes in the agreement that succeeds the Kyoto Protocol.
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