Tony Falzone is the Deputy General Counsel at Pinterest, Inc.
The Center for Internet and Society at Stanford Law School is a leader in the study of the law and policy around the Internet and other emerging technologies.
A healthy copyright system must balance the need to provide strong economic incentives through exclusive rights with the need to protect important public interests like free speech and expression. Fair use is foundational to that balance. It's role is to prevent copyright from stifling the creativity it is supposed to foster, and from imposing other burdens that would inhibit rather than promote the creation and spread of knowledge and learning.
The Fair Use Project (FUP) was founded in 2006 to provide legal support to a range of projects designed to clarify, and extend, the boundaries of fair use in order to enhance creative freedom and protect important public rights. It is the only organization in the country dedicated specifically to providing free and comprehensive legal representation to authors, filmmakers, artists, musicians and other content creators who face unmerited copyright claims, or other improper restrictions on their expressive interests. The FUP has litigated important cases across the country, and in the Supreme Court of the United States, and worked with scores of filmmakers and other content creators to secure the unimpeded release of their work.
Tony Falzone is the Deputy General Counsel at Pinterest, Inc.
Brett Frischmann’s expertise is in intellectual property and internet law. After clerking for the Honorable Fred I. Parker of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit and practicing at Wilmer, Cutler & Pickering in Washington, DC, he joined the Loyola University Chicago law faculty in 2002. He has held visiting appointments at Cornell and Fordham.
Lauren is an experienced attorney, frequent speaker and start-up advisor who has worked in the field of Internet law and policy since 1995. She is the founder of BlurryEdge Strategies, a legal and strategy consulting firm located in San Francisco that advises technology companies and investors on cutting-edge legal issues.
Plaintiff Auto Inspection Services, Inc. (“AIS”) owns the copyright to an automotive inspection program (“AIS’s Program”) that contains a quality control feature designed to track unauthorized use of the program. Defendants Flint Auto Auction, Inc., Inviso, Inc., and Priority Inspections, Inc. (collectively “FAA”) are in the automotive inspection business. FAA obtained a non-exclusive license of AIS’s Program to perform inspection of cars for GMAC in 2003. When an alleged unauthorized user attempted to use FAA’s license for AIS’s Program in 2004, AIS terminated FAA’s license.
This is a nice piece that describes the difference between the Google Book Project and the Internet Archive/Open Content Alliance Project to make book texts search-able.
Bottom line: Libraries are agreeing that the books Google scans in will only be available through Google's search index. The Internet Archive Project will make books it scans available through any search engine.
I received an email announcement from freeculture.org, "a diverse, non-partisan group of students and young people who are working to get their peers involved in the free culture movement," excerpted and html-ized (is that a word?) below:
Apple (computer) and Apple (records) announced
yesterday they had once again (finally?) resolved their trademark dispute, which dated back to the formation of the computer company in the 1970’s. Under the undisclosed terms of the new agreement, the computer company will be the “owner” of the Apple marks and license back to the music company the ones it uses (e.g., the green apple). And now, at last, iTunes will begin to sell Beatles songs.
I predicted last May that this would be the outcome of the lawsuit brought by the music company two years ago, but it didn’t take a genius to see what was coming.
Days after anti-piracy legislation stalled in Congress, the U.S. Department of Justice coordinated an unprecedented raid on the Hong Kong-based website Megaupload.com. New Zealand law enforcement agents swooped in by helicopter to arrest founder Kim Dotcom at his home outside of Auckland, and seized millions of dollars worth of art, vehicles and real estate. Six other Megaupload employees were also arrested. Meanwhile, the Justice Department seized Megaupload's domain names and the data of at least 50 million users worldwide.
The first part of this article outlined the mechanics of the Megaupload website, and the novel questions of criminal inducement on which the government's indictment is premised. Here, we explore two more extensions of existing law on which the indictment is based, and the impact this prosecution is likely to have on Internet innovators and users alike.
Sarah Morris is a well-known multimedia artist and filmmaker. In 2007, she debuted her "Origami" series, 24 paintings in which she reworked, redesigned, and reshaped origami crease patterns on canvas. Several origami artists sued Morris for copyright infringement, arguing Morris had unduly appropriated their allegedly copyrightable origami crease patterns in developing the "Origami" series. The Fair Use Project teamed up with attorneys Bob Clarida and Donn Zaretsky to defend Morris. We briefed the fair use issues on summary judgment.
Meltwater News ("Meltwater") is a search engine and research tool that allows users to search for and obtain information about news items that have been made publicly available on the Internet.
We filed an amicus brief in the Second Circuit on behalf of The Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts urging the appeals court to reverse a district court decision that ignored established fair use principles that many artists rely upon in creating their work.
The FUP filed this suit on behalf of a University of Denver conductor and others, challenging Congress’s restoration of copyright to works that had entered the public domain.
"Nazer is hoping the case can make big companies at least consider fair use before they send out automated, or near-automated, letters demanding that websites fold up shop.
"We think cases like this push back against trademark owner narratives that any 'use' of a [trademark] needs permission," he said. "We also want to push them to at least consider fair use before sending cease and desist letters.""
"The original 2012 trial was a who's who of Silicon Valley, with Oracle CEO Larry Ellison, Google leaders Eric Schmidt and Larry Page and Android co-founders Andrew Rubin and Rich Miner among those testifying. UC-Hastings intellectual property professor Ben Depoorter said Monday it's not clear how many of them, if any, would likely testify at a retrial on fair use. But, he said, fair use is notoriously fact intensive.
"Ask Andrew Bridges about government efforts to crack down on websites that post copyrighted material or to enlist Internet companies as copyright enforcers, and you may see his militant side. The Fenwick & West litigator is no fan of measures that restrict online expression in the name of intellectual property protection. And lately he's been winning those battles. After a Ninth Circuit panel ordered YouTube to take down an anti-Islamic video clip, Bridges fought the decision for clients including eBay Inc., Facebook Inc., Twitter Inc. and Yahoo Inc.
"David Levine, a law professor at Elon University, suggests that company executives work with IT staff to spot irregular computer use, which can flag things like flash drives going out the door. He also recommends other internal controls like limiting the distribution of sensitive documents to ensure information doesn’t lose its legal status as a trade secret.
Golan v. Holder involves a challenge to the constitutionality of the 1994 Uruguay Round Agreements Act (URAA), which restored copyright in foreign works previously in the public domain under U.S. copyright law. The plaintiffs in the case have challenged the URAA as contravening both the "limited times" requirement and the First Amendment. In October 2011, the Supreme Court heard oral arguments in the case and is expected to issue a ruling before June 2012.
The Symposium, co-sponsored by Stanford’s Center for Internet and Society, took place on Friday, February 10, 2012. Scholars and noted practitioners from across the country joined STLR to discuss current and emerging issues in First Amendment law and the Internet.
View the YouTube video here.
The Visual and Critical Studies Copyright Forum features conversations around milestone copyright case studies of significance to artists, scholars, and critics. Moderated by Matteo Bittanti, the Copyright Forum introduces basic concepts of "fair use" policies and how best to navigate requesting permissions for work in a professional arts setting.
Copyright Forum moderated by CCA faculty Matteo Bittanti with special guests:
CIS Affiliate Scholar David Levine interviews Prof. Susan Sell of the Elliott School of International Affairs at The George Washington University on international relations and transparency.
Julie Ahrens, CIS Director of Copyright and Fair Use participated in a panel and workshop hosted by the Hoover Institution Library and Archives and conducted by Kenneth D. Crews titled Copyright, Fair Use, and the Academy: Research, Teaching, and Libraries.
View the full presentation here. (Silverlight required.)
Julie Ahrens talk on "Google Books and the Evolution of Fair Use" begins at 1:35.
Stanford Fair Use Project
K&L Gates LLP
Munger Tolles & Olsen LLP