BMG Music along with other recording companies brought an action for infringement of copyright against Cecilia Gonzalez, for having downloaded 30 songs onto her home computer. The defendant admitted to having downloaded the songs, thereby directly infringing the copyright of the plaintiff recording companies. She sought immunity for her actions, however, under the dual defenses of fair use and innocent infringement. The District Court for the Northern District of Illinois rejected her defenses and granted summary judgement in favor of the plaintiffs.
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