The following is the executive summary of an analysis I wrote looking at two bills in the House, both of which purport to restore the net neutrality protections in the 2015 Open Internet Order. Only one actually does so. The full six-page analysis can be downloaded here. (.pdf)
This week, the House will vote on H.R. 1644, introduced by Rep. Mike Doyle, which would reinstate the net neutrality protections of the FCC’s 2015 Open Internet Order as of January 19, 2017. H.R. 1096, a competing measure introduced by Rep. Cathy McMorris Rodgers, purports to restore the Open Internet Order’s rules against blocking, throttling and paid prioritization, as well as the transparency rule.
- H.R. 1096 allows Internet service providers (ISPs) – the phone and cable companies that connect us to the Internet – to use zero-rating to advantage themselves and distort competition. H.R. 1644 closes this loophole.
- H.R. 1096 allows ISPs to circumvent the bill’s net neutrality protections at the point where data enters their networks, just as they did from 2013 to 2015. H.R. 1644 prohibits them from doing so.
- H.R. 1096 appears to allow ISPs to charge websites fees for access to the ISPs’ subscribers and block those that don’t pay. H.R. 1644 prohibits these fees.
- H.R. 1096 fails to adequately address throttling by appearing to allow ISPs to speed up websites and throttle classes of applications. H.R. 1644 prohibits ISPs from doing so.